Archive for May, 2011

Topic: Neanderthals eating Mammoths?

Last Neanderthals near the Arctic Circle?.

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Happy Memorial Day everyone!

Get outside and taste some great wines and beers


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Topic: Ancient Myan agraculture

Why ancient Mayan communities were ‘living on the edge’ of what is now a massive wetland.

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Topic Ancient Agriculture-Hawaii

Patterns Of Ancient Croplands Give Insight Into Early Hawaiian Society, Research Shows.

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Topic Native America land use

Native Americans modified American landscape years prior to arrival of Europeans.

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Topic: Ancient wine vessel

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A Western Han dynasty ancient tomb group was accidentally found at a construction site in Puyang city, China’s Henan province, on April 10.

After a period of protective excavation of the tomb group, archaeologists found more than 230 ancient tombs in all, and a total of more than 600 cultural relics have been unearthed so far.

During the excavation, archaeologists discovered an airtight copper pot covered in rust. They found the pot had a liquid weighing about half a kilogram in it.

On May 10, the Beijing Mass Spectrum Center, which is a joint accrediting body based on the Chinese Academy of Science, identified the liquid in the ancient pot as wine. Therefore, the pot of wine unearthed from Puyang has been certified as the oldest wine found in China.

Original Article


By Wang Hanlu, People’s Daily Online

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Topic: First Farmers

Archaeologists Explore Site for Answers About First European Farmers | popular archaeology –.

Check out this link for more information and more photo’s: BalkanHeritagefieldschool

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Topic Irish Butter in Bog

When I first started this blog in 2009 I published a piece about butter in a bog in Kildare, now in seems  another has been found.

For those of you who did not read the first post here is the link:Butter in Kildare blog. I also found this article on HeadlandArchaeology with a picture, I will put here also:

bog butter

BOG BUTTER found in a timber vessel in a bog at Shancloon near Caherlistrane, north Galway, could be 2,000 to 2,500 years old, according to a specialist from the National Museum of Ireland.

The butter, weighing almost two stone, was found in a timber keg which may have been hewn from a tree trunk and shaped into a barrel using early Iron Age implements.

The container of bog butter was found in a plot of bog where Ray Moylan from Liss, Headford, was having his annual supply of turf cut by local contractor Declan McDonagh.

Mr Moylan, a part-time bus driver, contacted the Office of Public Works, Headland Archaeology in Galway and the National Museum of Ireland regarding the discovery.

The keg of bog butter was found at a depth of 3-4ft. While the mechanical bucket of the turf cutting machine hit the vessel, it only caused damage to part of the barrel and the butter remained intact.

As he surveyed the find in the Galway bog this week, Padraig Clancy, an assistant keeper with the National Museum of Ireland, said it could be anything up to 2,500 years old.

Along with colleague Karena Morton, conservator at the National Museum of Country Life, Castlebar, they removed the butter and the vessel, and it is currently on its way to the national museum’s facility in Lanesboro.

“The type of vessel it is in usually helps us to date the period the butter is from, and this one could date back to the Iron Age,” said Mr Clancy.

Scottish archaeologist Ross MacLeod, who is with the Galway office of Headland Archaeology, said he was aware of similar finds in his homeland and around Ireland, but the quantity discovered in Galway was large.

“It would have been a substantial loss to the family that buried the butter in the bog that they never recovered it. Perhaps the person who buried it died or forgot where it was left.

“That might have been stored up by a family during the summer and put into the bog for use during the cold winter months. Its loss could have been a tremendous one for some family a long, long time ago.”

The butter is very white but that is often the case with similar finds, according to Mr MacLeod.

Bogs were viewed as a primitive form of refrigeration by people in the past as the peat creates a vacuum around buried material.

Original article:


By Tom Gilmore


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